CFTC Orders Deutsche Bank AG to Pay a $2.5 Million Civil Monetary Penalty
CFTC Orders Deutsche Bank AG to Pay a $2.5 Million Civil Monetary Penalty for Swaps Reporting Violations and Related Supervision Failures
- CFTC Finds that Deutsche Bank Did Not Diligently Address and Correct Errors until after Bank Was Notified of CFTC Investigation
The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) today issued an Order filing and simultaneously settling charges against Deutsche Bank AG, a global banking and financial services company and provisionally registered Swap Dealer, for failing to properly report its swaps transactions from in or about January 2013 until July 2015 (the Relevant Period). The CFTC Order also finds that Deutsche Bank did not diligently address and correct the reporting errors until the Bank was notified of the CFTC’s investigation, and failed to have an adequate swaps supervisory system governing its swaps reporting requirements.
This is the CFTC’s first action enforcing the new Dodd-Frank requirements that provide for the real-time public reporting of swap transactions and the reporting of swap data to swap data repositories.
The Order requires Deutsche Bank to pay a $2.5 million civil monetary penalty and comply with undertakings to improve its internal controls to ensure the accuracy and integrity of its swaps reporting.
CFTC Director of Enforcement Aitan Goelman commented: “This is another in a series of cases the CFTC has brought this year highlighting the importance of complete and accurate reporting – here involving reporting of swap transactions. When reporting parties fail to meet their reporting obligations, the CFTC cannot carry out its vital mission of protecting market participants and promoting market integrity.”
As a provisionally registered Swap Dealer, Deutsche Bank is required to comply with certain disclosure, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements related to its swap transactions. Specifically, Parts 43 and 45 of the CFTC’s Regulations specify requirements for real-time public reporting, public availability of swap transaction and pricing data, and reporting of creation and continuation data. These Regulations also include requirements for a reporting counterparty to report and correct errors and omissions in its swaps reporting, including cancellations, to the registered Swap Data Repository (SDR) to which the reporting counterparty originally reported the swap.
The reporting requirements are designed to enhance transparency, promote standardization, and reduce systemic risk in swaps trading. Accurate swap data is essential to effective fulfillment of the regulatory functions of the CFTC, including meaningful surveillance and enforcement programs. Moreover, real-time public dissemination of swap transaction and pricing data supports the fairness and efficiency of markets and increases transparency, which in turn improves price discovery and decreases risk.
According to the CFTC Order, during the Relevant Period, Deutsche Bank failed to properly report cancellations of swap transactions in all asset classes, which in the aggregate included between tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands of reporting violations and errors and omissions in its swap reporting. Deutsche Bank was aware of problems relating to its cancellation messages since its reporting obligations began on December 31, 2012, but failed to provide timely notice to its SDR and did not diligently investigate, address and remediate the problems until it was notified of the Division of Enforcement’s investigation in June 2014. Because of Deutsche Bank’s reporting failures, misinformation was disseminated to the market through the real time public tape and to the CFTC.
The Order further finds that Deutsche Bank’s reporting failures resulted in part due to deficiencies with its swaps supervisory system. Deutsche Bank did not have an adequate system to supervise all activities related to compliance with the swaps reporting requirements until at least sometime between April and July of 2014 – well after its reporting obligations went into effect, according to the Order.
The Order recognizes Deutsche Bank’s significant cooperation with the CFTC during the investigation of this matter.
The CFTC’s Data and Reporting Branch in the Division of Market Oversight (DMO) is responsible for the supervision of swaps data collection and reporting obligations of registered entities. This matter originated from referrals by DMO, and the Data and Reporting Branch provided substantial assistance to the Division of Enforcement during the investigation.
The CFTC Division of Enforcement staff members responsible for this matter are Allison Passman, Joseph Patrick, Robert Howell, Scott Williamson, and Rosemary Hollinger, with assistance from DMO staff Lawrence Grannan, Athanasia Papadopoulos, Kristin Liegel, Benjamin DeMaria, and Daniel Bucsa.