Glossary Law

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There are 13 names in this directory beginning with the letter Q.
Quantum meruit
Latin for “as much as he deserved,” the actual value of services performed.

Quasi contract
A situation in which there is an obligation as if there was a contract, although the technical requirements of a contract have not been fulfilled.

Quasi corporation
A business which has operated as a corporation without completing the legal requirements, often in the period just before formal incorporation.

A reference to a court’s right to punish for actions or omissions as if they were criminal.

Referring to the actions of an agency, boards or other government entity in which there are hearings, orders, judgments or other activities similar to those conducted by courts.

Common lawyer lingo for a question to be answered.

Question of fact
In a lawsuit or criminal prosecution, an issue of fact in which the truth or falsity (or a mix of the two) must be determined by the “trier of fact” (the jury or the judge in a non-jury trial) in order to reach a decision in the case.

Question of law
An issue arising in a lawsuit or criminal prosecution which only relates to determination of what the law is, how it is applied to the facts in the case, and other purely legal points in contention.

Qui tam action
From latin for “who as well,” a lawsuit brought by a private citizen (popularly called a “whistle blower”) against a person or company who is believed to have violated the law in the performance of a contract with the government or in violation of a government regulation, when there is a statute which provides for a penalty for such violations.

Quiet title action
A lawsuit to establish a party’s title to real property against anyone and everyone, and thus “quiet” any challenges or claims to the title.

Quo warranto
The name for a writ (order) used to challenge another’s right to either public or corporate office or challenge the legality of a corporation to its charter (articles).

The number of people required to be present before a meeting can conduct business.

Quotient verdict
An award of money damages set by a jury in a lawsuit in which each juror states in writing his/her opinion of what the amount should be
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